The microbiome is the set of microorganisms that populate most of the surfaces of the planet, including our own body. We are an amalgam of human and microbial cells, the functioning of which is crucial to maintain health
The gut microbiome represents the most-abundant set of microorganisms in our body; its modulation is of great interest in personalized medicine and nutrition. However, identifying the factors that are associated with this community is not simple, since it is diverse, complex and varies according to the geographic origin and the lifestyles of the populations.
In the context of epidemiological and nutritional transition experienced by many human populations characterized by changes in diet, reduced levels of physical activity, and the increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases the gut microbiome may be the key to understanding the association between lifestyle and disease development. The study of populations whose transition to Westernization has not ended is of great interest, since they represent intermediate points of observation in the evolution between an ancestral way of life with a low incidence of non-communicable diseases and a contemporary Western one, with high incidence of non-communicable diseases.
The Research Line on Microbiota Food Modulators seeks to understand what factors are associated with the composition and function of the gut microbiome, and how it can be intervened to maintain human health at different stages of their life cycle.